Even when outdoor temperatures start to fall, people can usually rely on cozier conditions in their homes. So, it’s all the more frustrating when winter manages to creep inside and cause trouble. A particularly frustrating problem is when the pipes of your plumbing system freeze over. Dealing with frozen pipes can range from inconvenient to a widespread, expensive mess.
Many people prefer to call their plumber to handle frozen pipes, and that’s never a bad idea. But you can also thaw them out yourself with just a few items from around the house. To help you resolve this annoying plumbing problem, here’s a step-by-step guide for thawing frozen pipes.
The first and sometimes most time-consuming step is locating the frozen pipes. Turning on all your faucets may help you narrow down likely locations. If one faucet isn’t working, you can follow those specific plumbing lines and hopefully reach the frozen pipes. The pipes themselves may not be obvious to spot unless ice is visibly covering them.
Instead, you can run your hands along the plumbing until you notice a sudden drop in temperature. Once you’ve found where the plumbing is coldest, you’ve likely found the frozen pipes.
This method won’t work if every faucet isn’t running. You’ll want to check the main water line at this point because it’s the source of your home’s water supply. Every set of plumbing lines will eventually lead back to the water main. You’ll probably find yours in the basement or crawlspace. But if your home doesn’t have either of those things, try near the water heater or in the garage next. If you still can’t find it, go and find your home’s water meter on an exterior wall, as the main line can often be found on the other side.
After verifying the pipes are frozen, turn off the main water supply. You can’t thaw the pipes with ice cold water on the inside, so you’ll also want to run every faucet if you haven’t already. This flushes the remaining water from the plumbing. Toilets will need to be flushed as well.
Once the plumbing is drained of water, it’s time to begin the thawing process. Gather a few things before you begin:
You don’t want to heat up the pipes too quickly, as that might damage your plumbing. Depending on your heat source, focus on the edges of the frozen area. This keeps the process slow and stable. Also, try to heat the pipes closest toward the nearest kitchen or bathroom faucet. If any steam or water is produced by the heating process, it’ll escape in that direction.
Slowly inch your way along the pipe, heating sections one at a time. Some homeowners choose to turn up their thermostats, using the warmer air to evenly thaw all the pipes silmultaneously. As long as this is done slowly, it shouldn’t cause a problem. With some luck, you’ll have successfully thawed your frozen pipes. But there’s one more step to complete.
Return to the water main. Open the supply line, but only a little. This offers enough water to check for leaks without making a mess. A leak ought to be fairly obvious to spot, and you should shut the water main off again if you do. At this point, it’s often best to call for a plumber. They’ll have the tools and experience to repair the damage, including replacing the broken pipes.
If there’s not a leak, however, you can open the main water line the rest of the way before getting to all the faucets.
Sometimes thawing out frozen pipes is a little more complex. Let’s go over some of the most likely complications and what you can do to work around them.
How long should it take to drain a frozen pipe?
30 to 45 minutes is a good rule of thumb, with more serious icing requiring extra time. Don’t try to speed the process up with more heat as this might damage the plumbing and make the problem worse.
What should I do if a pipe bursts or leaks?
Without the correct tools and experience, it’s better to contact a trusted plumber in the U.S.. Not only can they repair things more quickly and effectively, but they’ll have a better chance of noticing if other plumbing problems are nearby.
How can I reach frozen pipes if they’re behind walls?
A lot of your plumbing is installed behind walls, making them especially tricky to thaw out. Heating the nearest accessible area could work, or you could try heating the section of the wall closest to the frozen pipes. Heat lamps and your thermostat will be the best options. If these don’t work, you could have to pop out a section of the wall to get close enough to begin the thawing process.
The best way to thaw frozen pipes is to prevent them from icing over in the first place. Pipes closest to unheated spaces or the exterior of your home are at the most risk. It’s not impossible for other pipes to freeze over, but this is less common as they’re usually close to insulation or between the floors of your home where it’s warm-->
If you follow these steps, you’ll either keep pipes from freezing or have a straightforward way of thawing them out. If you’d prefer to leave the work to a professional, call your nearest plumber in the U.S.. They’ll make sure your plumbing is taken care of safely.
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